Sammakka Sarakka Jatara
Medaram “Sammakka Sarakka Jatara” History and it’s Importance:
Sammakka Saralamma Jatara or Medaram Jatara is a tribal festival of honouring the goddesses celebrated in the state of Telangana, India.The Jatra begins at Medaram in Tadvai Mandal in Warangal district.It commemorates the fight of a mother and daughter, Sammakka and Saralamma, with the reigning rulers against an unjust law. It is believed that after Kumbha Mela, the Medaram jatara attracts the largest number of devotees in the country. An estimated 10 million people gathered in 2012
It is celebrated in Medaram during the time the goddesses of the tribals is believed to visit them. Medaram is a remote place in the Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, a part of Dandakaranya, the largest surviving forest belt in the Deccan.
There are many legends about the miraculous powers of sammakka .According to a tribal story, about 6-7 centuries ago,that is in the 13th century, some tribal leaders who went for a hunting found a new born girl (Sammakka) emitting enormous light playing amidst tigers. She was taken to their habitation . The head of the tribe adopted her and brought up as a chief tain (She later became the saviour of the tribals of the region) she was married to Pagididda Raju a feudatory tribal chief of Kakatiyas(who ruled the country of Andhra from Warangal City between 1000 AD and 1380 AD).She was blessed with 2 daughters and one son namely Sarakka, Nagulamma and Jampanna respectively.
After sometime, there was a severe drought that lasted for years and as a result the mighty Godavari River dried up. pagedde Raju didn’t pay tribute to King Pratapa Rudra. In turn king Pratapa rudra sent his army to subdue the tribals and collect the tribute. Then a War was fought between tribal chief pagidde Raju and Kakatiya army on the banks of “Sampenga Vagu” (Jampanna Vagu). The Koya army fought valiantly but could not with stand the well equipped Kakatiya army. Though fought valiantly Pagididda Raju, his daughters Sarakka, Nagulamma, son in law Govinda Raju lost (husband of Sarakka) lives in the battle. Later Jampanna also dies in Sampenga Vagu (after renamed as Jampanna Vagu in the memory of his heroic fight against well trained Kakatiya army). .
Upon hearing this news Sammakka also enters war and fights and causes lot of damage to kakatiya army. Surprised by her Bravery And Valour the Kakatiya Prime Minister visited war ravaged Koya kingdom with proposal of peace and offered Sammakka a place in the emperor’s harem as the chief queen. Samakka turned down the offer and resolved to continue the fight to avenge the dead. The battle continued and Sammakka was seriously wounded . Samakka told her people that as long as they remembered her, she would protect them. Then, she cursed the Kaktiya dynasty to perish And with that wounded body proceeded towards Chilakala gutta and disappeared in the forest. The grieving Koyas searched for their queen all they found were a red ochre box(a container of vermilion), her bangles … and the pug marks of a huge full grown tigress, exactly the same place where she was found as a infant by the koyas. The Kakatiya dynasty came to an end very soon. Since then the Koyas, Waddaras and other Indian tribes and castes have been holding festivals in memory of Sammakka and Sarakka regularly .
Historical significance of the place Dandakaranya
This is the place whereLord Sri Rama along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana made their abode for a while during their 14-year exile in the forest. It is here that Lakshmana cut off the ears and nose of Surpanakha, sister of Emperor Ravana of Sri Lanka.It is here that Rama killed maricha and destroyed 14-thousand strong infantry of Khara, Dushana and Trisira. History behind the Dandakaranya forest: Ikshvaku was the ruler of the kingdom that extended from Vindhya Mountains to Himalaya Mountains. He had hundred sons, among them Danda (danDa) on whose name this uninhabitable forest was called as dandakaranya. (Uttara Ramayana).
వరంగల్ జిల్లా కేంద్రానికి 110 కి.మీ. దూరంలో ఉన్న మేడారం గ్రామంలో జరిగే శ్రీ సమ్మక్క-సారలమ్మ జాతర గిరిజన సంస్క్రుతి, సాంప్రదాయాలను ప్రతిబింబిస్తుంది.
దేశంలోనే అతి పెద్ద గిరిజన జాతర అయిన మేడారం శ్రీ సమ్మక్క-సారలమ్మ చల్లని చూపుకోసం రాష్ట్రం నుండే కాకుండా దేశం నలుమూలల నుండి సుమారు 80 లక్షల మంది బక్థులు తమ ఇలవెల్పును దర్సించుకుంటారు. ప్రతీ రెండు సంవత్సరాలకు ఒకసారి వైభవోపేతంగా జరుగు ఈ జథర ఫిబ్రవరి 8వ తేదీ నుండి 10వ తేదీ వరకు నిర్వహించబడును.
Sammakka Sarakka Jatara 2016:
వచ్చే ఏడాది ఫిబ్రవరిలో జరిగే మేడారం సమ్మక్క-సారలమ్మ జాతర కోసం అన్ని ఏర్పాట్లు చేయాలని ముఖ్యమంత్రి శ్రీ కె. చంద్రశేఖర్ రావు అధికారులను ఆదేశించారు. ముఖ్యమంత్రి ఆదేశాల మేరకు వివిధ శాఖల అధికారులు సమర్పించిన నివేదికలను అనుసరించి రూ. 101 కోట్లను విడుదల చేస్తూ ప్రభుత్వం ఉత్తర్వులు జారీ చేసింది. జాతరకు లక్షలాదిగా వచ్చే భక్తులకు ఎలాంటి లోటుపాట్లు లేకుండా చూడాలని సిఎం అన్నారు. మేడారం వెళ్ళే రహదారులన్నిటినీ ముందుగానే సిద్ధం చేయాలని ముఖ్యమంత్రి సూచించారు. స్నాన ఘట్టాల నిర్మాణం, మంచినీటి వసతి, పారిశుద్ధ్యం, ట్రాఫిక్, రవాణా, విద్యుత్ సరఫరా వంటి విషయాలపై ప్రత్యేక శ్రద్ధ వహించాలన్నారు.
The dates of the Jatara are expected to be from February 17,2016 to February 20,2016
Source : Medaram.com , Medaram.org, Wikipedia .